GOING TO THE MOVIES in Social Psych



STANLEY MILGRAM: IV - Authority figure DV - Obedience

*Diffusion of responsibility
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SOLOMON ASCH: IV - Group pressure DV - Conformity/copying peers

*Conformity
*Normative Social Influence - do it b/c it will help you gain approval
*Informational Social Influence - do it b/c you don't think you know the answer
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Leon Festinger - Cognitive Dissonance

*don't worry about experiment, but remember this song!

Latane and Darley: IV - # of people DV - amount of help/altrusim

*Diffusion of responsibility
*Bystander effect - stand by and let emergencies occur
*Bystander intervention - person gets involved in emergency and avoids
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Muzafer Sherif : IV - contact hypothesis DV - ingroup favoritism & outgroup homogeneity effect

*Ingroups/outgroups (rattlers vs eagles at "Robber Barron Camp")
*Outgroup homogeneity effect - think of outgroup members as "all the same"
*Contact hypothesis theory - just being face-to-face with the outgroup
*Superordinate goal - have an overarching purpose or objective for all groups to achieve together
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Rosenthal and Jacobsen : IV - expectations or beliefs DV - behaviors

*Self-fulfilling prophecy - in the case of the classroom environment and when Rosenthal told his college students they had "smart" rats or "stupid/slow" rats
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Clark and Clark: (ex-post facto); society's thoughts influence expectations

Modern-day replication
*Self-fulfilling prophecy

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Social Facilitation - the presence of others improves performance
Social Inhibition - the presence of others hurts performance

(Ringelmann): Social Loafing IV - # of group members DV - laziness

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Fundamental attribution error

Self-serving bias

Zimbardo: IV - Role-playing DV - evil behaviors

*social roles/situation
*deindividuation - lose self in group
*group polarization - become more extreme with like-minded people; can have views moderated when exposed to opposing view

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Chameleon effect

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Halo Effect

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Group Polarization

become more extreme with like-minded people; can have views moderated when exposed to opposing view


Groupthink

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Foot-in-the-door

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Social Trap

WIN-WIN
WIN (selfish) - LOSE


Just World Phenomenon

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